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Education

The Intellectual History and Education System in Muslim India

The Intellectual History and Education System in Muslim India

By JAWED ANWAR This is a series of columns for the understanding of the history of centuries old Madrasah and Islamic Education System in South Asian perspective published in Muslims Weekly, New York, USA in a series of the weekly Column “Personal Notes in 2004.”

25 Jun 2012
William Dalrymple: The Madrasas of Delhi

William Dalrymple: The Madrasas of Delhi

William Dalrymple COLONEL William Sleeman, famous for his suppression of the Thugs and a leading critic of the administration of the Indian courts, had to admit that the Madrasa education given in Delhi was something quite remarkable: "Perhaps there are few communities in the world among whom education is more generally diffused than among Muhammadans [Muslims] in India," he wrote on a visit to the Mughal capital.

23 Jun 2012
Madrasa 1: The Purpose of Education

Madrasa 1: The Purpose of Education

SYED JAWED ANWAR First Published: Muslims Weekly, Issue No. 215, April 16, 2004 WE, the mankind, are the earthly viceroys of Allah. “And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth (Al Quran-2: 30).” So if the viceroy is not well educated and highly knowledgeable and does not possess wisdom, what will happen to our governance on earth? So, as mentioned in Al Qur’an, everyone should be knowledgeable and educated.

23 Jun 2012
Madrasa 2: The Priorities of Education

Madrasa 2: The Priorities of Education

SYED JAWED ANWAR IF you think about Greece, your first thoughts are of its highly reputable philosophers. However, during the hey-day of these great thinkers, they were regarded as anything but philosophers. These philosophers had not received any respect from their own nation. The non-respect was also mutual: philosophers were dead-set against the excessive materialist culture that drove Greek culture. Greeks badly indulged in materialism, luxury, and pleasure.

23 Jun 2012
Madrasa 3: The Teacher

Madrasa 3: The Teacher

By SYED JAWED ANWAR The role of teacher in Islamic Education System is significant and central. Firstly, Allah requires us to actively seek knowledge; to remain ignorant is nearly sinful. Secondly, to instruct or to share knowledge is Sunnah (tradition of the Prophet). Our beloved Prophet (PBUH) as recorded by Tirmidhi (a book of hadith), said, “Anyone who has knowledge and doesn’t reveal it even after asked by someone, his mouth will be full of fires in the dooms day.”

22 Jun 2012
Madrasa 4: The Student

Madrasa 4: The Student

Syed Jawed Anwar THE student is the central component of the Islamic education system. It is the students’ responsibility to acquire education that is obligatory. As a vicegerent of Allah, the life of humans can be seen as very significant roles needed to be played in order to establish and maintain peace, justice among other things. Muslims have an additional role to play; “Ye are the best party (Ummah), evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong” (Al-Qura’n 3:110).

22 Jun 2012
Madrasa 5: The History

Madrasa 5: The History

By SYED JAWED ANWAR First Published: Muslims Weekly, Issue No. 219,May 14, 2004 IN his last khutaba (speech), the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (s.a.w.), clearly declared, “There is no messenger after me, and you have to transmit this message to all who are not present here.” As a light-bearer of the message of the last Messenger of God, Muhammad (s.a.w.), Muslims began a major worldwide migration and brought their incomparable education system, fully intact, with them.

22 Jun 2012
Madrasa 6: The Economy

Madrasa 6: The Economy

By SYED JAWED ANWAR First Published: Muslims Weekly, Issue No. 220,May 21, 2004 WHEN Muslims ruled India, their government never established a separate department of education and never appointed salaried teachers. Already established was a tradition where the kings, rulers, and the affluent citizens had to establish educational institutions.

22 Jun 2012
Madrasa 7: The Education System

Madrasa 7: The Education System

SYED JAWED ANWAR BECAUSE of its immense importance, I’d like to reiterate that, before the British occupation in South Asia, there were various types of Madrasahs readily available for students. There were the Arabic Madrasahs (specializing in deeni and religious education), Farsi Madrasahs (specializing in worldly education), and Mahajani Madrasahs (specializing in commercial education).

22 Jun 2012
Madrasa 8: The Curriculum

Madrasa 8: The Curriculum

SYED JAWED ANWAR WESTERN secular education is directed at the gathering of information. In contrast, Islamic scholars and educators consider the main purpose of education to be the character building. Therefore, fashioning each child with good etiquette and polishing the character was the focus of the primary education.

22 Jun 2012